Golden Recursion Inc. logoGolden Recursion Inc. logo
Advanced Search
India

India

Federal Republic in Asia

India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi: Bhārat Gaṇarājya), is a country in South Asia. It is the second-most populous country, the seventh-largest country by area, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.

Modern humans arrived on the Indian subcontinent from Africa no later than 55,000 years ago. Their long occupation, initially in varying forms of isolation as hunter-gatherers, has made the region highly diverse, second only to Africa in human genetic diversity. Settled life emerged on the subcontinent in the western margins of the Indus river basin 9,000 years ago, evolving gradually into the Indus Valley Civilisation of the third millennium BCE. By 1200 BCE, an archaic form of Sanskrit, an Indo-European language, had diffused into India from the northwest, unfolding as the language of the Rigveda, and recording the dawning of Hinduism in India. The Dravidian languages of India were supplanted in the northern regions. By 400 BCE, stratification and exclusion by caste had emerged within Hinduism, and Buddhism and Jainism had arisen, proclaiming social orders unlinked to heredity. Early political consolidations gave rise to the loose-knit Maurya and Gupta Empires based in the Ganges Basin. Their collective era was suffused with wide-ranging creativity, but also marked by the declining status of women, and the incorporation of untouchability into an organised system of belief. In South India, the Middle kingdoms exported Dravidian-languages scripts and religious cultures to the kingdoms of Southeast Asia.In the early medieval era, Christianity, Islam, Judaism, and Zoroastrianism put down roots on India's southern and western coasts. Muslim armies from Central Asia intermittently overran India's northern plains, eventually establishing the Delhi Sultanate, and drawing northern India into the cosmopolitan networks of medieval Islam.

In the 15th century, the Vijayanagara Empire created a long-lasting composite Hindu culture in south India. In the Punjab, Sikhism emerged, rejecting institutionalised religion. The Mughal Empire, in 1526, ushered in two centuries of relative peace, leaving a legacy of luminous architecture. Gradually expanding rule of the British East India Company followed, turning India into a colonial economy, but also consolidating its sovereignty. British Crown rule began in 1858. The rights promised to Indians were granted slowly, but technological changes were introduced, and ideas of education, modernity and the public life took root. A pioneering and influential nationalist movement emerged, which was noted for nonviolent resistance and became the major factor in ending British rule. In 1947 the British Indian Empire was partitioned into two independent dominions, a Hindu-majority Dominion of India and a Muslim-majority Dominion of Pakistan, amid large-scale loss of life and an unprecedented migration.India has been a secular federal republic since 1950, governed in a democratic parliamentary system. It is a pluralistic, multilingual and multi-ethnic society. India's population grew from 361 million in 1951 to 1,211 million in 2011.

During the same time, its nominal per capita income increased from US$64 annually to US$1,498, and its literacy rate from 16.6% to 74%. From being a comparatively destitute country in 1951, India has become a fast-growing major economy, a hub for information technology services, with an expanding middle class. It has a space program which includes several planned or completed extraterrestrial missions. Indian movies, music, and spiritual teachings play an increasing role in global culture. India has substantially reduced its rate of poverty, though at the cost of increasing economic inequality. India is a nuclear weapons state, which ranks high in military expenditure. It has disputes over Kashmir with its neighbors, Pakistan and China, unresolved since the mid-20th century. Among the socio-economic challenges India faces are gender inequality, child malnutrition, and rising levels of air pollution. India's land is megadiverse, with four biodiversity hotspots. Its forest cover comprises 21.4% of its area. India's wildlife, which has traditionally been viewed with tolerance in India's culture, is supported among these forests, and elsewhere, in protected habitats.

Timeline

October 22, 2021
The British statement also hinted at a $15.86 million British investment in two venture capital funds aimed at supporting India's transition to cleaner energy, making use of the British expertise. Another $70 million British investment is expected to fund green tech infrastructure projects across India.

Another $70 million British investment is expected to fund green tech infrastructure projects across India.

August 26, 2021
Barclays Bank PLC has infused about Rs 3,000 crore as capital in its banking operations in India ( Barclays India) to accelerate its growth in corporate & investment banking, and private clients businesses.
July 8, 2021
itel launches 4K Android TV range in India starting at Rs 32,999
June 11, 2021
India reports 84,332 new cases in last 24 hours, its lowest in 70 days
May 24, 2021
India has been reporting positivity rate below 10 per cent for 14 consecutive days now.
May 2021
Middle East's crude share of India's oil imports hits 25-month low in May
April 24, 2021
India authorities announces 346,786 new daily cases, a record for a single country since the start of the pandemic.
April 23, 2021
Xiaomi launches its most expensive smart TV, Mi QLED TV 75 in India with 75-inch QLED screen.
April 22, 2021
India hits global record of 315,000 new daily cases as Covid wave worsens
April 15, 2021
Amazon announces $250 million fund to help MSMEs go digital in India

Amazon announces a $250 million (around Rs 1,873 crore) fund that will focus on digitising small and medium businesses, and drive innovation in the areas of agri-tech and health-tech.

Further Resources

Title
Author
Link
Type
Date

What is INDIA? (The Land of Extraordinary Diversity)

Web

July 1, 2019

News

Search on Google News
Search on Bing News
Title
Author
Date
Publisher
Description
By OMER FAROOQ
December 4, 2021
AP NEWS
HYDERABAD, India (AP) -- A tropical storm weakened after dumping heavy rains overnight in parts of southern India off the Bay of Bengal as more than 50,000 people evacuated to government-run camps, officials said Saturday.
By OMER FAROOQ
December 3, 2021
AP NEWS
HYDERABAD, India (AP) -- Indian authorities issued an alert, shut schools and canceled trains in parts of the country on Friday as rescue teams braced for a tropical storm brewing in the Bay of Bengal.
By The Associated Press
December 2, 2021
AP NEWS
Brazil's Ministry of Health on Thursday confirmed two more cases of the new variant of the coronavirus omicron in the country.They are two people who boarded in South Africa, passed through Ethiopia, landed in Guarulhos, and finally arrived in Brasilia.
By BERNARD McGHEE
December 2, 2021
AP NEWS
They both carved out sterling reputations as military and political leaders over years of public service. But both also saw their legacies tarnished by the long, bloody war in Iraq.Former Secretary of State Colin Powell and former Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld are among the many noteworthy people who died in 2021.
December 2, 2021
AP NEWS
NEW DELHI (AP) -- India on Thursday confirmed its first cases of the omicron coronavirus variant in two people who traveled abroad, and a top medical expert urged people to get vaccinated. India's Health Ministry said the cases include two men in southern Karnataka state who came from abroad.
SHOW MORE

References

Golden logo
By using this site, you agree to our Terms & Conditions.